What is Hip Replacement Surgery?
Hip Replacement (Total Hip Arthroplasty) is medical operation to replace a worn-out or damaged hip joint with an artificial one. It is performed to address the pain and discomform caused by arthritis or to treat the injuries such as broken bone or improperly growing hip. As a major procedure, it is recommended if the other treatments have failed to ease the pain/discomfort and/or improve the mobility.
Operation is performed through an incision over the hip joint. Problematic hip joint gets removed and replaced by an artificial one.
What happens after the surgery?
Following the surgery, patients are provided with an exercise and rehabilitation plan by the physical therapist in order to regain muscle strength and joint motion.
Risks of Hip Replacement Surgery?
Complications of a hip replacement can include:
- hip dislocation
- infection at the site of the surgery
- injuries to the blood vessels or nerves
- DVT (deep vein thrombosis)
- a fracture in the bone around the hip replacement during or after the operation
- differences in leg length
However, the risk of serious complications is low.
There's also the risk that an artificial hip joint can wear out earlier than expected or go wrong in some way. Some people may require revision surgery to repair or replace the joint.
The aim of this article is to give you a general information about the surgical intervention in question. You need to make more research about possible complications and risks of this selected procedure in order to make an informed decision. Please note that complications occur more frequently with patients who are obese, smoke, and have a history or lung or other chronic underlying medical conditions.
Smokers are recognized to have a significantly higher risk of post operative wound healing problems with a subsequently higher potential of infection as well as operative and post operative bleeding. Patients should discontinue smoking for two weeks before and two weeks after surgery. Although it helps to stop smoking before and after surgery, this does not completely eliminate the increased risks resulting from long term smoking. Smoking also has a long term adverse effect on the skin and ageing process.